27 червня 1709 року відбулася Полтавська битва, яка мала далекосяжні наслідки для Європи. З дня Полтавської битви, як зазначає шведський історик Петер Енглунд, «закінчився період шведського панування, Росія почала звільнятися від свого старого ворога, могутнього сусіда, який закривав вихід до Балтійського моря.Book a tour
I. The complex of monuments
"Field of Poltava Battle"
1. Common grave of the Russian warriors 2. Sampsonyyvska church 3. Museum of History of Poltava Battle and Monument to Peter I 4. Booths of the first to the Museum of the History of the Poltava Battle 5. Memorial Rotunda in honor of fallen participant of the Battle 6. Redoubts of the Russian army 7. The second fortified camp of the Russian army 8. Command post of Peter I
9. Monument to Swedes from Russians 10. Monument to Swedes from their compatriots 11. The Obelisk at place of crossing the Vorskla River by Russian troops ІІ. The place where the Horde forces Temir Kutluya across. Vorskla summer 1399 ІІІ. Place of battle troops Hetman Vyhovsky and Poltava colonel Pushkar summer 1658
The perpetuation of the memory of the Battle of Poltava as well as the battle site started early 18th century. Gradually, a museum town allegorically named as “Swedish grave” appeared around the common grave of Tsar Peter I’s army warriors. The first Poltava Battle Museum was opened here in 1909, and in 1950 it was reopened again.
In 1981 the entire Poltava battlefield was declared a National Historical and Cultural Reserve, which protected area is 720 hectares. Arii-Leon Vaingort (1912-1994), the Chief Architect of Poltava in 1938-1970, played an important role in its creation. The complex of monuments "Poltava Battlefield" is listed in the State Register of Immovable Monuments of Ukraine as an Object of National History (Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 09.09.2009, No. 928, protection number 160009-H).
Today the “Poltava Battlefield” State Reserve is an important scientific and methodological center, as well as a place that attracts many tourists from all continents. The events of the Great Northern War are of special interest of Europeans, since its participants were the ancestors of present day Swedes, Russians, Ukrainians, Finns, Norwegians, Danes, Germans, Poles, Turks, Moldovans, Belarusians, British, Lithuanians, Estonians, Latvians, and Czechs.