It is believed that soon after the battle Tsar visited Commandant Kelin, who had rented an apartment in the house of Cossack Magdenko, and rested there for a short period of time. By 1804 this house had fallen into disrepair and was demolished. Before the first visit of Tsar Alexander I to Poltava the first brick pyramidal monument was erected on the site where the house had been located. Alexander’s successor, Tsar Nicholas I, ordered Peter’s repose to be immortalized with a monument that was designed by the architect and painter Alexander Brullov and made using electroforming technology in the workshop of Ivan Hamburger in St. Petersburg.
The monument to the place where Tsar Peter I rested after the Battle of Poltava has the shape of a pyramidal obelisk mounted on a granite stepped pedestal and crowned with a shield, sword, and helmet. The cornice of the pedestal is decorated with four copper garlands of laurel leaves. The monument bears an inscription: “Tsar Peter I rested here after performing his exploits on 27th of July 1709”. Under this inscription there is a high relief depicting two-headed eagle, the symbol of the Russian Empire. Under the eagle there is a high relief depicting a sleeping lion. This monument bore a bronze plate with the inscription: “Erected on June 27th 1849 in the reign of Tsar Nicholas I.” It is surrounded by a cast-iron railing, made of eight connected pillars in the form of cannons. The total height of the monument is 7.2m.
Soon after 1921, when the Bolsheviks came to power, the bronze plate was dismantled as were all other reminders of the Romanov dynasty. Early 1930s the monument was almost completely dismantled and moved to some city warehouse where all unmounted decorations, including a bronze helmet, sword, shield, and a sleeping lion, symbolizing the resting Tsar, were kept for a few years.
Under the Soviet power, Poltava was forgotten for a long time. In 1939, an attempt to celebrate the 230-year anniversary was limited to the repair of monuments on the battlefield. The monument commemorated the site where Peter I had rested after the battle was also reconstructed in its original form with the exception of the bronze plate. In 1949 the monument was reconstructed again under the supervision of the Arii-Leon Vaingort, the Chief Architect of Poltava.